Cybernetics

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Cybernetics is the interdisciplinary study of the structure of complex systems, especially communication processes, control mechanisms and feedback principles. Cybernetics is closely related to control theory and systems theory.

Contemporary cybernetics began as an interdisciplinary study connecting the fields of control systems, electrical network theory, mechanical engineering, logic modeling, evolutionary biology and neuroscience in the 1940s. Other fields of study which have influenced or been influenced by cybernetics include game theory, system theory (a mathematical counterpart to cybernetics), psychology (especially neuropsychology, behavioral psychology, and cognitive psychology), and also philosophy, and even architecture. [1]

Study of communication and control functions common to both living and engineered systems with the emphasis on attempting to understand organisms through making analogies to machines. [2]

NOTES

("I made up the word...from the Greek...'Steersman'...from the same root as 'governon' and refers to control and communication in the animal and the machine." - Norbert Wiener)


Reference

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cybernetics
  2. Human factors (ergonomics) engineering : american national standard for industrial engineering terminology : ANSI Z94.9. Norcross : Engineering and Management Press, 1998. 28 s. ISBN 0-89806-196-2



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